James Larkin was born into poverty in Liverpool, England in 1874. He started working the docks as a youth to help his family make ends meet. With little to no education, James worked his way up from the docks to a foreman position.
He was a steadfast socialist and believed the workers were not treated fairly, he joined the National Union of Dock Labourers (NUDL) and in 1905 he became a trade union organizer. His aggressive stance on strikes troubled the leadership of the NUDL and in 1907 Larkin transferred to Dublin.
In Dublin James founded the Irish Transport and General Workers Union (ITGWU) to pool all workers skilled or not into one organization. Formation of the ITGWU gave birth to The Irish labor campaign.
Larkin also was instrumental in the founding of the Irish Labour Party and in 1911 and The Worker, a zealot paper to present his platform. The paper was a sensational hit highlighting his ability as a competent editor and activist.
James Larkin was at the pinnacle of his success and lead strikes escalating to the lockout in 1913 where 100,000 workers went on strike for almost eight months and ultimately achieved the right to fairness in their employment. Read more: James Larkin | Biography and James Larkin – Wikipedia
After the lockout win, his restlessness leads him to America in 1914 for a lecturing tour. Larkin joined the Socialist Party of America and undertook the task of changing the party from a socialist party to a communist party.
In the political climate of America in 1920, James found himself convicted of communism and anarchy, Larkin received a pardon three years later and a deportation to Ireland.
James resumed his activism for workers once on Irish soil and created The Workers Union of Ireland and joined the Irish Labour Party. Larking worked tirelessly most of his life to enhance the rights of workers until his death in 1947.